Can you imagine living all alone on this big planet? I think you will say no just because what we share in common is the feeling of togetherness with others, as we are living beings but how could you imagine to survive without surroundings. For survival we need the surrounding which includes air, water, land, flora and fauna with a unique diversity. This is how we live on this planet; as everything exists because everything depends. It is important to understand the interdependence of living organisms within an ecosystem. For e.g. food chain in nature. The food chain is the sequence of events in an ecosystem, where one organism eats another and then is eaten by another organism. It starts with the primary producers which make food, continues with consumers who eat the food, and ends with the top predator.
“It turns out that all life is interconnected with all other life— Richard Feynman
Biodiversity is the term used to describe the variety or richness of life present on Earth in total. Biodiversity is the “biological diversity with an attribute of life.” It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth including plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live, such as mountain, forest, corals etc. Biodiversity is the sum of all ecosystems, species and genetic matter with listed variation. Here ecosystem corresponds to a series of complex relationships between biotic (living) components such as plants and animals and abiotic (non-living) components like sunlight, air, water, minerals and nutrients.
Uniformity is not nature’s way; diversity is nature’s way—Vandana Shiva
World Biodiversity Day is celebrated on 22 May to mark the importance of biodiversity and also to increase global awareness about the related issues like climate change, extinction of animals etc. This is a cause to conserve nature and all other forms of life on this planet. Biodiversity is essential because it has got intrinsic value which says, each species has got a significant role to play and right to exist. We can find our cultural roots and biological diversity connected in many form for e.g. humans are not the only species to use plants for medicinal reasons: the great apes like orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas have all been observed self-medicating with plants.
Values on which humans are dependent on biodiversity are Cultural—the Indian culture is closely connected to biodiversity through the expression of identity, through spirituality and through aesthetic appreciation. Indigenous Aryans have strong connections and obligations to biodiversity arising from spiritual beliefs about animals and plants. Scientific—biodiversity gives the source of data that help us to understand the natural world and its origins. Economic– we get raw materials for consumption and production. Many livelihoods, such as those of farmers, fishers and timber workers, are dependent on biodiversity. Ecological life support– biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity, such as bird watching, hiking, camping and fishing. Our tourism industry also depends on biodiversity.
Humanity’s fate is tightly linked with biological diversity–United Nations
A negative impact on biodiversity due to all uncontrolled human activities such as industrial revolution, rapid industrialization, carbon emission, pollution, the destruction of habitats through agriculture, over fishing, deforestation, hunting, depletion of natural resources, the use of pesticides, and the release of other toxic compounds into the environment are causing serious loss and decline in the condition of environment. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies could be the key approach to preserve biodiversity.
Many people are helping to make the world a better place, but humanity as a whole is making it difficult for other living creatures that share our planet to survive.
— Robert Alan Silverstein
Conservation of biodiversity can be done with identifying the social, cultural and economical factors influencing the biodiversity, creating campaign for public awareness, community based participation and sustainable practices with integrated approaches to achieve results. We can do follow such steps: reduce, reuse, recycle, buy local and organic foods, use public transport, consume less, save energy, be Eco friendly, restore habitat, feed animals, protect wildlife, volunteer and leave the wild things in the wild. Just start living for your environment.
“What is man without the beasts? If all the beasts were gone, men would die from a great loneliness of spirit. For whatever happens to the beasts, soon happens to man. All things are connected.” ~ Chief Seattle